Will Clean Energy « Cross the Divide? »

Wednesday, 7 May 2008 – Daniel Yergin

Fossil fuels provide most of the world’s energy and are the foundation of the past two centuries of economic growth. The issue of climate change poses the first serious challenge to fossil fuels’ primacy.

But a great divide has existed between the mainstream technologies that make up the modern energy industry and the newer « clean » technologies that offer an alternative, low-carbon pathway to the future. This divide encompasses costs, technological maturity and scale of existing infrastructure.

In recent years, a range of forces has aligned to enhance clean energy‘s prospects – technological progress, shifting public opinion about climate change, growing interest by governments in supporting alternative energy technologies through subsidies and emission caps and pricing, and a massive increase in private investment.

Can these forces bring clean energy technologies from their current position, on the fringe, into the energy mainstream? This is the question addressed in a major new study by Cambridge Energy Research Associates (CERA), Crossing the Divide: The Future of Clean Energy.

The study focuses on four kinds of clean energy technology. Biofuels include ethanol, biodiesel and next generation cellulosic-based fuels. Renewable power generation technologies include wind, biomass, geothermal, solar photovolaics (PV), concentrating solar power (CSP), and ocean power.

Carbon capture and storage technologies are primarily designed to reduce or eliminate carbon emissions from coal-fired electric power plants. Finally, conventional clean technologies include nuclear energy and hydropower.

The Crossing the Divide study uses a scenarios approach for thinking about the future of clean energy. Unlike forecasting, scenarios do not attempt to foretell one « right » future.

Instead, the scenario development process focuses on key uncertainties that could lead to futures that are very different from the present. Scenarios are « plausible stories » about the future, which provide a framework for anticipating change and identifying it earlier.

Crossing the Divide develops three possible scenarios for the future of clean energy. In Launch Pad, strong policy support and rapid advances in technology drive the development and adoption of clean energy. In Asian Phoenix, the global balance of power shifts to Asia, and Asian nations play a primary role in defining the future of clean energy technologies, as both consumers and exporters.

In Global Fissures, economic slowdown and turbulence, followed by a long, slow recovery, discourage government support and private investment in clean energy technologies.

For each of these macro narratives, CERA developed an in-depth assessment and quantification of the prospects for clean energy technologies. This analysis provides a framework for assessing the winners and losers in clean energy, and helps to define key risks and opportunities as companies and investors place their technology bets.

One major finding of the study is that for clean energy to « cross the divide » and enters the mainstream; major technical advances will continue to be needed in coming years to make clean energy technologies cost competitive and scalable.

Achieving the requisite technical advances will, in turn, depend on four primary forces. The first three are energy prices, government policy, and the pace with which scientists and engineers working on clean energy can foster innovation. All three of these are affected by the fourth: economic growth.

Oil and natural gas prices directly affect the economics of clean energy technologies and shape political concerns and actions over energy security. Oil prices most strongly affect biofuels development but also have a strong effect on energy security, which drives other technologies as well. Natural gas prices most strongly affect renewable power technologies, as well as hydropower and nuclear.

Government policy is central to the development of clean energy. It typically ranges from funding for research and demonstration projects to mandates, financial incentives, and subsidies for technologies approaching commercial viability. Three kinds of policies are important in shaping the future of clean energy – energy security policy, climate change-related policy, and technology development policies.

Government policy is central to the development of clean energy. Energy security policy plays a role in driving all clean energy technologies. Unfortunately, energy security policies can be inconsistent in nature, waxing and waning with fuel price, economic cycles and sense of risk.

Climate change-related policies are affected by scientific understanding, politics, economic growth, and the level of cooperation and coordination present in the world geopolitical system.

The technologies most strongly affected by these policies are renewable power generation, carbon capture and storage, and nuclear. The long-term nature of the climate change threat provides an important impetus for establishing long-range approaches, at both the global and national levels, in this realm.

Technology development policies are the final area where governments can act to encourage adoption of clean energy technologies. These policies are typically driven by economic growth and fuel price cycles, as well as energy security policies. They can vary greatly in terms of their strength and sustainability, as well as which technologies they favor.

Government supports of all kinds are most effective when they are sustained and predictable. It is also important for policymakers to recognize the value of pursuing multi-faceted, flexible policy approaches.

The challenge for governments is to institute policies that get clean energy technologies off the drawing board and sustain them to the point that they become commercially viable and are able to wean themselves from the support – thereby allowing for a phaseout, rather than an increase over time, in subsidies.

Useful approaches include public-private partnerships to assemble clean energy development clusters, protection of new clean energy intellectual capital, and sustained subsidies to nurture emerging clean energy industries to maturity and scale.

Clean energy policy supports must also be multi-dimensional. Carbon markets cannot single-handedly ensure that new low-emitting technologies become widely available and competitive.

Although these markets can be influential in directing investment, it is still not known whether there will be enough public support to establish high enough carbon prices to encourage long-term development of alternative technologies. Since carbon pricing alone will sometimes not be enough, policymakers need other arrows in their quivers.

The third driver of advances in clean energy technology is the pace of technical innovation. Speeding the pace of innovation depends heavily on policy support and private investment, and these, in turn, are strongly affected by fossil fuel prices and carbon pricing.

A long-term perspective is required, involving policy and investment horizons that stretch over the course not of years – but of decades.

As noted above, the fourth driver, economic growth, has a strong impact on the other three drivers. A robust global economy can make it easier to provide financial support for development of clean energy technologies and to absorb the costs associated with carbon emission restrictions.

In thinking about clean energy, it is important to keep scale in mind. The existing installed base of carbon-based energy infrastructure has been built over the course of more than two centuries of ongoing investment and technology development. Implementing change in a system of this size will take time. A long-term perspective is required, involving policy and investment horizons that stretch over the course not of years – but of decades. Renewables and clean energy in general will increase in significance in an expanding energy system that is striving to meet the needs of global economic growth.

About the Author:

Daniel Yergin, chairman of CERA, received the Pulitzer Prize for « The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power » and the United States Energy Award for lifelong achievements in energy and the promotion of international understanding. Vist CERA.

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Shanny Fournier
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SEO Consulting or SEO Services?

Does your business need SEO Services or an SEO Consultant? The definitive answer, it depends. Do You Need an SEO Consultant or SEO Services?

Although you might think the two are the same, consulting is ideal for companies that have IT departments or savvy employees who just need to be steered in the right direction, whereby SEO services are typically conducted remotely.

An Example of When an SEO Consultant is Enough:

Let’s assume Company A has an aged site with clearly established authority, SEO services may in fact be overkill when all they need is (1) a target and (2) a tactic to channel that website authority in the right place.

With an aged domain (a site 3 years or older that has gained the trust of search engines) it is more about identifying and refining the appropriate mixture of on-page revisions and removal of incongruence that impedes movement in the SERPs (search engine result pages).

Typical examples are not having a descriptive titles or meta tags for conformity, lack of internal links from the homepage to your 2nd, 3rd and other pivotal pages such as a product page, a contact form or blog that are equally as important in the grand scheme of making optimal use of your web property.

In instances such as this, the fact is, a touch of refinement and a clear plan of action (SEO Consulting) to identify the strengths of your domain and observe a fair assessment of the gap (where you are vs. where you intend to be) to fill in the blanks and achieve your objective.

If you have a tech savvy in-house IT department or the appropriate staff, implementing changes that are clearly delineated are an excellent alternative to enlisting the aid of an SEO company to implement services on your behalf.

Increasing relevance and relevance score is paramount in acquiring competitive phrases. When spiders are presented with a choice, such as a website with 100 pages on a topic vs. a web property with only 10 pages on a subject (both impeccably written), which do you think is going to have a higher relevance score?

SEO Services have evolved beyond the traditional sense of optimizing old pages to make a square peg fit in a new hole. Companies still intent with the less is more attitude are going to be challenged by the new Wiki model (massive content development strategy) which reinforces its own authority over time to provide rankings from the site structure and internal links alone.

As a consequence of the Wiki-type content based site model, the tendency for to others link to it and infuse what was just a resource. Such a page (with the proper balance of internal and external links) transforms into a ranking juggernaut with the ability to scale the search engine result pages for dozens of related keywords or phrases on each of the pages.

The conclusion, SEO services have had to evolve to incorporate fresh content and links to remain competitive and stay ahead of the search engine algorithms and their growing fondness for quality in their index.

Example of When SEO Services are a Better Choice:

In another scenario, let’s assume that company B has a site they have been online for a few years and they designed the site before SEO was a concern. Now, with the site floundering on the verge of dismal, they come to the conclusion that it may in fact be time to resurrect their online property.

Naturally they seek out the most qualified SEO and expect them to magically fix the problem. This is a rather common scenario, but what are the things an SEO might address?

* How old your domain? – so they can determine the threshold for change.
* How strong is the sites internal link equity? – anything worth salvaging or is it better to start fresh?
* Does your site has measurable authority? – just being old is not enough, it had to make its mark in some way, shape or form with links, fulfilling a demand, niche, etc.

After the base is scrutinized, then things like:

* Assessing the site structure -are they using flat site architecture or information silos with supporting content to reinforce the theme.
* As there a robots.txt file – to prevent renegade bots from scraping content or a way to segment and isolate sensitive information from inclusion?
* Is there an htaccess file (to prevent duplicate content penalties) and set the defaults for server preferences?
* Evaluation of the IP address and hosting environment – Are you sharing your IP with sites that are linking to bad neighborhoods? (this can tank your site as well)
* If you have an e-commerce database, does it use optimal naming conventions to maximize inherent SEO value? ?cat792 vs. /mfg/product-name/descriptive-title/ is much better and requires a Mod-Rewrite to make it SEO friendly.

SEO services are ideal when you have reached a plateau and your web property requires a series of litmus tests to determine what to keep and what to tweak. In most instances it is much easier to start fresh and salvage the page rank and links through using a 301 redirect (site or pages permanently moved) to the new page or site name.

In conclusion, each scenario and situation are unique, so, ultimately it depends on your objective, the reach you anticipate and the competition and the tactics they are employing to acquire and maintain high ranking positions for your main keywords.

About the Author:

Jeffrey L. Smith is an seasoned search engine optimization expert and founder of SEO Design Solutions SEO Company. Jeffrey has been involved in internet marketing since 1995 and brings fresh optimization methods and search engine optimization services to businesses seeking organic search engine placement.

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Shanny Fournier
Ultimatum Media inc.

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Motor Home Adventures in The Adirondack Mountains

Sunday, 16 December 2007 – Andrew Stratton

The Adirondacks in upstate New York was one of the first wild preserves set aside and protected in the United States. It is more than 6 million acres of woods, lakes, ponds, and includes the majestic mountains themselves. It is an all around great motor home vacation.

Most people don’t know how big the Adirondack Mountains are. The area stretches over 6 million acres, which makes it bigger than the Grand Canyon, Yellowstone, Yosemite and the Great Smoky Mountains preserves combined. This includes thousands of lakes and ponds for fishing, as well as more than 2,000 miles of hiking trails, winding through the terrain of rugged mountains and deep woodlands.

But, most spectacular of all are the mountains themselves. The Adirondacks are not actually a mountain range, but a collection of single peaks. These 46 mountains that give the area its special character are known as « the 46, » and most of the area’s attractions center around these majestic summits. The views of Lake Placid or Lake George from the mountainsides are fantastic.

The preserve is not a traditional park. You won’t see a big entrance with a ranger station as you come in. The Adirondacks are a protected wild area, and they are littered with towns, farms and homes where people go about their daily business.

The Adirondacks are full of scenic views, some of the best hiking in the country, canoe routes through the many waterways, and quaint little towns where you can learn about the area’s culture and history. You can strap on a backpack and head to a remote area where your only company will be moose. Or, you can stay in a fully equipped motor home resort with activities and fun for the whole family.

If you live in the north east, it is a quick and easy drive to the Adirondacks, making the area a great RV getaway for east coast city dwellers. There are a variety of lodging options, and plenty of places to park your motor home. Here are some of the best places to park your RV.

Lake George Schroon Valley Resort

This RV park is near Warrensburg. It has sites that are right on the Schroon River, giving you the option of riverside camping. Lake George Schroon Valley Resort is off the beaten path a little, so it’s rarely crowded. They have tent camping, cabin rentals and RV sites with full hook ups. This RV park also puts you close to Lake George and a variety of activities.

Adirondack Adventure Resorts

The Adirondack Adventure Resorts are kind of an old tradition in the area. They have three different resorts under the same management with locations at Lake George, Saratoga Springs and Schroon River. Lake George is the best of the three in terms of pretty views and remoteness, but all three are nice. They have been in the area for a long time, and their facilities are clean and fully equipped. In addition to the natural beauty of the area, there are lots of family activities that they offer for guests.

Stony Creek Family Campground

This is a great place if you really want to get away from it all. Even though it’s remote, it’s only a few minutes’ drive to Lake George. They have lots of RV sites as well as tent camping sites. One of the great things about Stony Creek is that they offer a wide range of fun family activities, so it is a great place to stay if you have youngsters. They do take reservations, so you may want to call ahead.

If you’re considering a motor home vacation in the near future, The Adirondack Mountains offers variety and gorgeous scenery that will please any outdoor lover.

About the Author:

The Adirondack Mountains have a variety of activities and sites for motor home vacationers. If you love the outdoors and natural beauty, an adventure in this wild country may be for you. Start your trip at Bankston Motor Homes with its wide selection of vehicles. http://www.bankstonmotorhomes.com

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Shanny Fournier
Ultimatum Media inc.

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Publié dans Alpinisme, Environment, Escalade, Hiking, Trekking | Tagué , , , , , | Laisser un commentaire

Seven Ways to Endanger Your Dog While Hiking

Saturday, 12 April 2008 – Janet Winter

Hiking or camping with your dog can be a fun experience for both of you – unless your faithful friend disappears or is injured. Use common sense to plan ahead and avoid a calamity.

The following seven tips will insure that you both arrive back home safely and eager to go again.

1. Always have your dog in sight and on a leash – which is required in many public areas. It’s tempting to let them run free, but that’s when trouble can come knocking. Even if your voice commands seem to be ‘sealed in concrete’ when walking in your neighborhood or at the local dog park, distractions in unfamiliar areas may cause the best-trained dog to stray. One option is to use a retractable leash, which gives your dog a feeling of more freedom. Taking along a favorite toy can help to focus your dog’s attention near you, particularly if a potentially harmful situation arises.

2. Check for information that lists the types of wild animals and plants that you may encounter on your hike and keep your eyes open for them. Wildlife such as snakes, bears, skunks, porcupines, mountain lions and coyotes can cause serious injury to your dog if there is an encounter. Even other dogs in the vicinity – particularly those not on a leash – can start a fight. Plants such as poison ivy, cactus or other thorny plants and nettles can cause injury or serious irritation to your dog’s skin.

3. Carry a small first-aid kit with items recommended by your veterinarian to take care of cuts and scratches or other medical emergencies. To protect both of you, be sure you have a cell phone that is fully charged and operational in the area where you’ll be hiking or camping.

4. Dogs are as susceptible to mosquito bites and sunburn as you are. Be sure to take along a mosquito repellent and sunscreen recommended by your vet. It’s a good idea to make sure your dog is up date with flea and tick treatments, vaccinations and heartworm prevention medication, too.

5. Take plenty of water for both you and your dog. Since dogs don’t have sweat glands, they are susceptible to heatstroke in very warm weather. Take plenty of rest breaks and avoid letting your dog drink from water sources that could harbor harmful parasites or toxins. Water from home that your dog’s body is accustomed to is always best.

6. During hunting seasons it’s important to take extra precautions for both you and your dog. Wear bright or reflective clothing and consider a reflective vest for your dog. Unfortunately, dogs can be mistaken for other animals, so make provisions to insure that you both stand out in the environment.

7. The most important tip has been saved for last. Your dog should wear a collar I.D. tag that is attached with a small, strong key ring, since the S-hook type attachments often fail. The tag should include your name, city and state of residence, phone number, dog’s name and your vet’s phone number. Also add your cell phone number so you can be reached quickly if your dog does disappear and is found by another hiker. If you are camping, locate an « instant » pet name tag machine before you leave. Make a temporary tag in addition to their regular tag. Include the dog’s name, the park and campsite where you’ll be staying and the dates you plan to be there.

A bonus tip – be sure you and your dog are both in good physical condition with sufficient endurance to easily complete the trek you’re planning.

If you want your dog to carry his own pack, which is very popular these days, be sure not to load it down with more than one-third of your pooch’s body weight. Twenty to thirty percent is a good rule of thumb to avoid tiring out your excited hiker too quickly. Allow your dog to get used to carrying the pack ahead of time by taking short walks around the block or even around the house. Save yourself the exhaustion of carrying your pooped pooch back to the car.

There are many pet safety products for car travel and pet life jackets, if you’ll be near a lake or on a boat.

If you plan a picnic as a special part of your day, there are collapsible food and water bowls for dogs as well as shade and mosquito protective light-weight tents. A nap may be just the thing for both of you after a tummy-filling lunch combined with sunshine and warm breezes before you head for home.

About the Author:

Janet Winter has a deep love for animals and enjoys writing informative articles about caring for your dog’s comfort, safety and fun. You can learn how to provide a loving, pampered life for your dog by visiting APamperedDog.com. She is a web designer, travel agent and writer on many topics including pampered dogs, wild birds and babies.

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Shanny Fournier
Ultimatum Media inc.

Publié dans Alpinisme, Escalade, Hiking, Trekking | Tagué , , , , , , , , , | 1 commentaire

The New Milestones of Mount Everest

By: Jude Limburn Turner

We all know that Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary were the first mountaineers to conquer Mount Everest (8,848 m), and many of us will have heard that Sir Ranulph Fiennes was the first British pensioner to make the summit in 2009. But there are always new records being set and new challenges being launched from Everest Base Camp. It seems everything about this historic staging area is dramatic: the determination and the accomplishments of the people that pass through Base Camp, and Everest’s spectacular form towering above.

Everest Milestones

There’s an unusual long-distance traveller on the move right now that has a close association with Mount Everest. Curiously, the traveller is not a person but a moon rock. The lunar sample, collected from the Sea of Tranquillity during the historic Apollo 11 landing, will be a passenger on a journey back out of the earth’s atmosphere as part of a 2010 NASA launch to the International Space Station.

The long-travelling rock will be partnered with one collected from Mount Everest and made part of a display in the ISS, so that both the Moon and the Earth will be represented in the space station that floats between the two celestial bodies. It is a simple gesture that demonstrates our ingenuity and determination to overcome great distances and difficulty in the name of exploration. The moon rock was with the astronaut Scott Parazynski when he climbed from Everest Base Camp to the mountain’s summit in May 2009 and will be united in orbit with the Everest rock early in February 2010.

Records set in Stone

The following month, Everest Base Camp will become home for a young man with big ambitions. At the age of just thirteen, Jordan Romero from California aims to become the youngest person to climb the highest peaks in seven continents. Everest will be the last mountain on his list to climb to complete the prestigious Seven Peaks Challenge.

Jordan will be following in the youthful footsteps of the current record holder, Johnny Strange, who began his series of seven mighty climbs at the age of twelve, and completed the Seven Peaks five years later in June 2009, setting a world record in the process. If all goes well for Jordan Romero, he will better Johnny’s record by a full three years, which he says will make him feel « super stoked ».

The Seven Peaks Challenge is no mean feat, and it has taken the teenager all over the world. Jordan has climbed the highest mountains in the Andes and Australia; he has travelled to the hard to reach Vinson Massif (4,892 m) in Antarctica, and has conquered Mt Kilimanjaro (5,892 m), Elbrus (5,642 m) in Russia, and McKinley (6,194 m) in Alaska. Jordan’s seventh expedition in the series will begin with a gradual acclimatisation along Everest Base Camp trek, following on from a number of preparatory climbs he has already made to get his body used to the high altitude. Then Everest is waiting.

Jordan has estimated that he will have to make a number of training runs up the mountain from Everest Base Camp before he will be ready for a summit bid, a process which could take as long as two months to complete, weather permitting.

About the Author

Jude Limburn Turner is the Marketing Manager for Mountain Kingdoms, an adventure tour company who have run the classic trek to Everest Base Camp for over 20 years. They now offer treks and tours worldwide, including destinations in North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Central and South East Asia.

(ArticlesBase SC #1731726)

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Shanny Fournier
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Everest Environmentalists

By: Jude Limburn Turner

It was almost inevitable that a high mountain like Mount Everest (8,848m) would become a high profile platform for environmental issues. On December the 7th 2009, the UN Climate Change Conference will begin in Copenhagen, but green campaigns are already under way to put pressure on world leaders to curb greenhouse gas emissions.

The most daring stunt aiming to influence the Copenhagen summit from Everest’s summit had been planned by an Indian expedition. They intended to draw attention to the effects of global warming by skiing from Everest’s peak down to Everest Base Camp and, in doing so, set a high-altitude skiing record. Unfortunately, an increase in avalanche risk from heavy snows meant they had to abandon the expedition.

Base Camp Swim Trek

In April 2010, a hardy individual and adventurer, called Lewis Gordon Pugh, is planning to use his courage to help the environmental cause in Nepal. Lewis is a long-distance swimmer who has previously demonstrated his remarkable constitution and determination by swimming in the sub-zero Arctic Ocean. He put up with the intense cold on that occasion to draw media attention to the receding icecaps, and intends to stage a similar publicity stunt at Everest next year to draw attention to the disappearing glaciers in the Himalaya and worldwide.

Wearing only trunks and goggles, he will swim a kilometre in the Khumbu Glacier’s lake, close to Everest Base Camp. Lewis expects the experience will be « excruciating », and points out that there aren’t facilities to take a hot shower on the mountain. There will be a dinghy accompanying him on his freezing swim in case he gets into difficulty, and Lewis has enlisted the help of some Sherpas to haul the escort boat along the Everest Base Camp Trek trail to the lake.

Everest Biker

As part of an ongoing odyssey, Japanese cyclist Keiichi Iwasaki has shown he is the ultimate green traveller, setting an example for everyone. Keiichi has been travelling around the world for years, but has been doing it entirely under his own steam: by bicycle. During his eight-year journey, he has travelled through thirty seven countries and had amazing experiences, all at a low cost to the planet and his pocket.

One of the stops on his grand tour was Nepal, where Keiichi diverted his round-the-world bicycle trek to Everest Base Camp so he could summit the world’s tallest mountain. He successfully reached the peak of Everest in 2005, having clearly developed the necessary stamina and lung power from all those hours of cycling. Because of this, Keiichi has earned the curious accolade of being the only man known to have journeyed from sea-level to the top of Everest unassisted, in other words, using just his own power.

The Everest Trekking Environment

Despite concerns for its preservation, the Everest landscape is far from ruined. It remains an incredibly beautiful and varied environment that changes visibly at different altitudes; something that can be witnessed on the many trekking routes through the Himalayan countryside.

These treks are predominantly led by Nepalese guides who take pride in their country and its maintenance, and come from communities living along the Everest Base Camp Trek trails, communities that have learned to have a limited impact on their surroundings. It’s a lesson the rest of the world needs to learn in order to preserve our planet’s most breathtaking and vulnerable environments.

About the Author

Jude Limburn Turner is the Marketing Manager for Mountain Kingdoms, an adventure tour company who have run the Everest Base Camp Trek for over 20 years. They now offer treks and tours worldwide, including destinations in North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Central and South East Asia.

(ArticlesBase SC #1443049)

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/Everest Environmentalists

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Shanny Fournier
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Publié dans Alpinisme, Escalade, Hiking, Trekking | Tagué , , , , , , , , , | Laisser un commentaire

Hiking And Camping Gear: The Basics

There are endless varieties available, where hiking and camping gear is concerned. However, it does not make much sense to buy expensive gear worth thousands of dollars when you just start off with these activities. While buying hiking and camping gear, one has to first keep in mind the location or the place they will be camping at and the facilities provided for you at the campsite. Thus, you need to scour out locations that can become your potential campsites. This way, you will then be able to buy your gear keeping the conditions there in mind.

If camping is not just a one-off thing for you and you plan to go camping regularly, buying some basic gear would definitely be advisable. This will ensure your safety while making your camping trip extremely comfortable.

As we mentioned earlier, the place you are going to and the time of the year you are going, are the major determining factors when you decide what kind of hiking and camping gear is right for you. With this information clear, it will be much easier for you to decide about the most important things included in this gear- the sleeping bags and the attire. It is quite obvious that the clothes that you wear in warm weather will be no match for the chill and the cold winds of winter. However, the common thing in the attire for any season is that it should be durable and such that it is easily washable and can be dried quickly when you are on the move. It is advised that you layer your clothing as, irrespective of the weather conditions, this adds to your comfort.

If the picture of sleeping bags that you have in your mind is of the one you had when you were a child, you are in for a huge surprise. You are literally going to be bedazzled by the extensive variety and the features of sleeping bags these days which range from the option of a one or two person bags, to the ones specifically keeping the warm or the coldest weather conditions in mind, to the ones that can be folded to fit into the pocket of your backpack, with the materials ranging from allergy-free synthetics to soft and cozy goose down bags. You can also save yourself from the bad back that used to be n inevitable result of sleeping on the hard uneven ground, as now there are pads available that can be placed under your sleeping bag to make the ground less lumpy and uncomfortable and also drier and warmer.

There are many more hiking and camping equipment available, however buying those would depend on your individual needs as well as on the fact that whether all the facilities are available or not, at the place you are going to. If you feel that the water at the campsite is not suitable for drinking, it is imperative that you carry your water filters with you.

For the sake of convenience and also to protect the environment, it is always better to carry a washable mess kit. You need to make sure that you are carrying all the essential safety gear like flashlights, first-aid kits and definitely a radio so that you can be well informed in advance about the weather conditions. You can choose from this and more to ensure that you have all the equipment you need in order to make your trip truly enjoyable and safe.

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About the Author:

Abhishek is a Camping freak! Visit his website www.Camping-Guru.com and download his FREE Camping Report « Camping With The Family: How To Have A Safe, Fun, And Inexpensive Vacation » and learn some amazing Camping tips and tricks for FREE. Learn how to have the perfect vacation on a shoe-string budget. But hurry, only limited Free copies available ! www.Camping-Guru.com

Shanny Fournier
Ultimatum Media inc.

Publié dans Alpinisme, Environment, Escalade, Hiking, Trekking | Tagué , , , | Laisser un commentaire

Hiking Gear – The ABCs About The Perfect Hiking Gear

There are several important factors that come into play while you decide about buying the perfect hiking gear for your specific needs. You need to consider whether it’ll be a short duration hiking trip or a longer, well-organized hiking trip involving sleeping and outdoor eating, already taken care of by the organizers. Your purchase of the hiking gear will greatly depend on such factors and in case the trip is not organized by an external organization, you might have plenty of work on your hand.

To start with the process of identifying all the items that you’ll require for the hiking trip, it is important that you get your hiking partner (if any) involved in the planning process. No matter what distance you may be planning to go, if planned wisely and the load divided well, it can be a very smooth experience. It is also important that you keep your baggage as minimum as possible since you’ll be hiking along with it.

The primary object that deserves deliberation is the pack itself. You’ll find many stores and even a few military surplus stores where you can lay your hands on some inexpensive used hiking gears in excellent condition. An ideal hiking pack will be around four thousand cubic inches, not taking into account any extra baggage such as photography equipments, hunting or fishing equipments etc. Before settling down on your final choice of hiking gear, give considerable thought to its functionality, efficiency and weight as well.

If your hiking trail would involve stopovers at night, you might be required to carry a tent along, unless you fancy sleeping in the open, under star-lit skies. You’ll have to determine whether it’ll be two people in one tent or two people in two tents. Tents are normally available four to five pounds in weight and are the ideal choice for cold and rainy terrains.

Sleeping bag is the other thing in your hiking gear whose purchase will need some brainstorming. The ideal choice of a sleeping bag is dependent on the climatic conditions of the place that you plan to go on hiking. Generally, sleeping bags are available in weights of two ounces to one pound, packable into a size of a softball. You may either go with a very light weight sleeping bag for warmer climates or some sophisticated variety of cold-resistant sleeping bags that are capable to keep you warm even in minus thirty degree temperatures.

Coming to the eats, it’s best to carry ready to eat meals similar to the army that can be easily heated with the help of a small can of Sterno. In case you plan to go fishing, hunting or foraging during your hiking expedition, it is best to carry along hiking specific lightweight utensils for cooking.

Last but not the least, the clothing like your tent and sleeping bags will largely depend on the climatic conditions of the hiking terrain. For summers it is ideal to pack in a lot of socks (since wet socks very often result in blisters), comfortable boots, outerwear and other accessories. For cold conditions, especially the ones involving high altitude, you’ll require light nylon shorts, warm gloves, long underwear, fleece jackets, hats, lightweight rainproof layer and other specific accessories for your personal needs.

Other important accessories that can be carried along as well are tools/knives, compass, headlamp, sunscreen, first-aid kit and sunscreen.

About the Author:

Abhishek is a Camping freak! Visit his website www.Camping-Guru.com and download his FREE Camping Report « Camping With The Family: How To Have A Safe, Fun, And Inexpensive Vacation » and learn some amazing Camping tips and tricks for FREE. Learn how to have the perfect vacation on a shoe-string budget. But hurry, only limited Free copies available ! www.Camping-Guru.com


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Everest Panorama Trekking

By: Aaozora Dreamland Trek

Everest panorama trekking is famous trekking route in Everest region. Everest view trekking is suitable for those people who have limit or short holiday duration for Nepal Himalaya trekking. Everest panorama trekking is not only for its proximity to the world’s highest mountain 8,848m but also for its friendly Sherpa people, picturesque villages, great variety of cultures and traditions, colorful festivals and monasteries. Everest view trekking provides a good insight into Sherpa culture without the struggle of high altitude trekking The story of the yeti is still a mystery in the world from the Khumbu region. Beautiful, multi-hued prayer flags prayer wheels and intricately carved Mani stones line every hilltop, rock wall and trailside singing prayers to the gods with every breeze and every passing traveler.

Everest Panorama / view trekking is ideal for those with less time who nevertheless want a view of Everest including other famous mountain in Khumbu Himalaya range. Our destination is the village of Tyangboche with its famous monastery where you have time to soak up the atmosphere along with some tremendous views of the very beautiful mountain Ama Dablam. For Everest panorama trekking, you are able to arrange trip whether by bus from Jiri or by fly Kathmandu to Lukla and Himalaya journey professonal will generate Everest view trekking itinerary according to clients holiday schedule.

Trip Facts
Duration: 17 days
Starting from: flight from Kathmandu to Lukla
Ending at: Lukla to Kathmandu by flight
Grade: Moderate to Strenuous.
Elevation: Tyanboche 3990 Meters.
Culture:Particularly based onSherpa Buddhism Tibetan
Trekking Type: Teahouse (Lodge)or camping trek
Superb norms: The Mount Everest. &Tibetan culture
Scenery: Mt. Everest, Mt.Amadablam Mt.Thamserkhu, Mt.Nuptse, Mt.Lhotse

Destinations and Activities Itinerary

Day 01 Arrival in Kathmandu and transfer to hotel. O/N at lodges

Day 02 Sight seeing in world heritage center in kathmandu

Day 03 Fly to Lukla and trek to Phakding

Day 04 Phakding to Namche Bazaar

Day 05 Rest at Namche Bazaar, walk before breakfast to army camp to enjoy view of Mt. Everest from distance. Back to Namche for breakfast and afternoon free to enjoy the market of Namche Bazaar.

Day 06 Namche to Tyangboche

Day 07 Tyangbouche to Khumjung

Day 08 Khumjung to Phakding

Day 09 Phakding to Lukla

Day 10 Fly back to KTM and shopping souvenir. Evening farewell diner.

Day 11 Farewell Departure to next destination

For Detail Information http://www.dreamlandtrekking.com

About the Author

Dreamland Treks & Expedition Company is a friendly trekking company with full of energetic, co-operative, experienced and sincere ground tour operator and with full knowledgious administrative staff. The Company is properly registered in Government Office. Apart from this, as the Company is a team work of, with decade long experience staffs, based in Himalayan kingdom, has got the membership of prestigious association like Trekking Agencies’ Association of Nepal (TAAN), Association of Nepal Mountaineering (NMA), Kathmandu Environmental Education Project (KEEP), Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA), Nepal Tourism Board (NTB) etc.

(ArticlesBase SC #1453442)

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/Everest Panorama Trekking

Shanny Fournier
Ultimatum Media inc.

Ultimatum Media

Publié dans Alpinisme, Environment, Escalade, Hiking, Trekking | Tagué , , , , , | Laisser un commentaire

5 of the Most Famous Everest Expeditions

By: Jude Limburn Turner

Treks to Everest continue to captivate the imagination of climbers and walkers all around the world. Ever since its discovery, hundreds of expeditions have been made to the world’s highest mountain. Some have ended in disaster, others have discovered new routes to the top or achieved significant records. Here are five of the most famous Everest expeditions…

1924 – The Mallory Expedition

The famed British explorer and mountaineer George Mallory had made a previous attempt on the summit in 1922, an expedition that met with disaster when seven porters died in an avalanche. In 1924, he returned to Everest Base Camp determined to make it to the top, resulting in one of the most famous and tragic expeditions in the history of the mountain.

On 8th June 1924, George Mallory, alongside his climbing partner Andrew Irvine, made his second and ultimately ill-fated attempt on the summit of Everest. Trekking and climbing up the hazardous terrain, they were spotted by Noel Odell (another member of the expedition) on what appeared to be the Second Step, a few hours climb away from the summit itself. Neither Mallory nor Irvine made it down. Mallory’s body was finally discovered in 1999, but Irvine’s has never been found. Debate continues to rage in the mountaineering community as to whether or not either of them made it to the summit before they died.

1953 – First Successful Ascent

29 years after the Mallory Expedition, Edmund Hillary (a New Zealand climber) and Tenzing Norgay (a Nepalese Sherpa) finally made the first confirmed ascent of Mount Everest. Their trek to Everest was part of a British expedition in March 1953 that was determined to finally conquer the world’s highest mountain. After settling in Everest Base Camp, two members of the expedition (Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans) made the first attempt, but were driven back 300 metres from the summit due to bad weather and a malfunctioning oxygen system. Two days later, on the 29 May 1953, Hillary and Tenzing made it to the top, becoming the first men to stand on the highest point on Earth. On his return from the summit, Hillary met his companion George Lowe and simply said: « Well, George, we knocked the bastard off. »

1980 – First Solo Ascent

By 1980, the veteran Italian climber Reinhold Messner had set one Everest trekking record already; in 1978, he and his climbing partner Peter Habeler became the first climbers to make an ascent of Everest without using bottled oxygen, refuting the claims of a large number of mountaineers and doctors at the time who thought this was impossible. In 1980 he set another record, making the first solo ascent of Mount Everest (also without oxygen).

1996 – The Everest Disaster

1996 was a tragic year for Everest trekking – fifteen people died, eight of them in a single day, in what is the worst disaster on Everest to date.

On May 10 1996, over 30 climbers set off from Everest Base Camp to make their attempts on the summit. A number of delays and the sheer number of climbers making the ascent meant that many achieved the summit after 2pm, much later than is considered safe. On the way down, a sudden blizzard hit the mountain, burying the fixed ropes used in the climb and concealing the path back to Everest Base Camp. Due to the poor visibility, the climbers were quickly separated and disoriented, and eight of them died of exposure. Most poignant was the case of Rob Hall – having stayed behind to try and help another member of the expedition, he was stranded on the South Summit. He managed to speak to his wife on satellite phone, saying « Sleep well, my sweetheart. Please don’t worry too much, » before dying soon after.

2004 – Fastest Ever Ascent

There are all kinds of climbing records associated with Mount Everest, and in 2004 Pemba Dorjie (a Nepalese Sherpa) set an impressive one – the fastest ever successful ascent and descent of Everest, making it there and back over the southeast ridge in eight hours and ten minutes.

With plenty of records still to break and hundreds of climbers each year determined to make it to the top, trekking to Everest will continue to generate new heroes (and new tragedies) for years to come.

About the Author

Jude Limburn Turner is the Marketing Manager for Mountain Kingdoms, an adventure tour company who have run Everest Base Camp treks for over 20 years. They now offer treks and tours worldwide, including destinations in North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Central and South East Asia.

(ArticlesBase SC #624528)

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/5 of the Most Famous Everest Expeditions

Shanny Fournier
Ultimatum Media inc.

Ultimatum Media

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